For updated information on what applies to your country, please visit krisinformation.se, official emergency information from Swedish authorities. The growing sector creates jobs, makes electric grids more resilient, expands energy access in developing countries, and helps lower energy bills. Croatia, France, Lithuania and Hungary). The average share of energy from renewable sources in transport increased from 1.6 % in 2004 to 8.9 % in 2019. Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. While the share of renewable energy as a whole is increasing since 2004, between 2010 and 2011 its share in transport decreased. You are here. It is designed in such a way as to leave no individual or region behind in the great transformation ahead. Becoming the world’s first climate-neutral continent by 2050 is the greatest challenge and opportunity of our times. The share of energy from renewable sources in heating and cooling is presented in Figure 3. renewable energy facts, ... popular sentiment toward developing home-grown renewable energy sources. These objectives are seen as a step towards meeting the greenhouse gas emissions targets for 2050 put forward in the Roadmap for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050 (COM (2011) 112 final). Given the 15-year normalisation requirement for hydro power production and the availability of energy statistics (for the EU, starting from 1990), long time series of this indicator are not available. To improve accuracy and consistency with national statistics in calculating renewable energy shares, national calorific values were used, where available, for converting quantities of all energy products into energy units, instead of the default calorific values. Renewable energy includes solar, hydro and wind energy. But Croatia is not the only case. Share of renewable energy more than doubled between 2004 and 2019, Wind and water provide most renewable electricity; solar is the fastest-growing energy source, Over one fifth of energy used for heating and cooling from renewable sources, 8.9% of renewable energy used in transport activities in 2019, Renewable energy: a major player in the European energy market, Roadmap for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050, sustainability of solid and gaseous biofuels used for electricity, heating and cooling, Calculation methodologies for the share of renewables in energy consumption, Electricity production, consumption and market overview, Shedding light on energy in the EU - A guided tour of energy statistics (2020 edition), Energy, transport and environment statistics (2020 edition), Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context (2020 edition), Share of energy from renewable sources (nrg_ind_ren), European Commission — Directorate-General for Energy — Renewable energy, International Energy Agency (IEA) — Renewable energy, Concerted Action on Renewable Energy Sources Directive, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Renewable_energy_statistics&oldid=512147. In addition to solar panels, which convert the sun's light to electricity, concentrating solar power (CSP) plants use mirrors to concentrate the sun's heat, deriving thermal energy instead. All fossil fuels formed in a similar way. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. Directive 2009/28/EC will be used until reference year 2020. By contrast, still quite far from their national targets are France (5.8 pp), the Netherlands (5.2 pp), as well as Ireland and Luxembourg (both 4.0 pp). Facts and Figures Renewable energy resources alone are not sufficient to meet the predicted dramatic increase in energy demands through 2030. Close. Renewable energy is providing affordable electricity across the country right now, and can help stabilize energy prices in the future. At the origin of these initiatives is the 2020 climate and energy package adopted in December 2008, which provided a further stimulus for increasing the use of renewable energy sources to 20 % of total energy consumption by 2020, while calling for energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions to both be cut by 20 %. Developments in the industrial sector, services and households contributed to this growth. In 2019, renewable energy represented 19.7 % of energy consumed in the EU-27, only 0.3 % short of the 2020 target of 20 %. It was decided that for the years 2004-2010 all biofuels and bioliquids would be counted towards the numerator of the share of energy from renewable sources. Of course, renewables—like any source of energy—have their own trade-offs and associated debates. Critics of corn-based ethanol, for example, say it competes with the food market for corn and supports the same harmful agricultural practices that have led to toxic algae blooms and other environmental hazards. Marine energy projects currently generate an estimated 500 megawatts of power—less than one percent of all renewables—but the potential is far greater. This page has been accessed 430,776 times. In 2019, renewable energy provided about 11.5 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu)—1 quadrillion is the number 1 followed by 15 zeros—equal to 11.4% of total U.S. energy consumption. For the purpose of calculating the share of renewable energy in heating and cooling, final consumption of energy from renewable sources is defined as the final consumption of renewable energy in industry, households, services, agriculture, forestry and fisheries for heating and cooling purposes, plus district heating produced from renewables. This indicator may be considered as an estimate for the purpose of monitoring Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources — however, the statistical system in some countries for specific renewable energy technologies is not yet fully developed to meet the requirements of this Directive; for example, ambient heat energy for heat pumps is not reported by many countries. The use of renewable energy has many potential benefits, including a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, the diversification of energy supplies and a reduced dependency on fossil fuel markets (in particular, oil and gas). In February 2015, the European Commission set out its plans for a framework strategy for a resilient energy union with a forward-looking climate change policy in a Communication (COM(2015) 80 final). See all of our videos about renewable energy here. The growth of renewable energy sources may also stimulate employment in the EU, through the creation of jobs in new ‘green’ technologies. The accounting rules in Directive 2009/28/EC prescribe that electricity generated by hydro power and wind power have to be normalised to account for annual weather variations (hydro is normalised over the last 15 years and wind over the last 5 years). Programs like Scotland’s Saltire Prize have encouraged innovation in this area. #1: Renewable energy is a form of clean energy that is provided by natural sources present in nature. Fossil fuels are embedded in nearly everything we do, and as a result, the greenhouse gases released from the burning of those fuels have reached historically high levels. WATCH: Taller than the Statue of Liberty, these wind turbines journeyed across the sea. In general, data are complete, recent and reliably comparable across countries. That vision is laid out here, and while his analysis is not without critics, it punctuates a reality with which the world must now reckon. More details on the share of energy from renewable sources in transport can be found in Table 4. Watch the World's First Floating Wind Farm Ride the Waves. From 2001 to 2017, cumulative wind capacity around the world increased to more than 539,000 megawatts from 23,900 mw—more than 22 fold. The term often also encompasses biomass as well, whose carbon neutral status is under debate. The most common renewable sources are water and biomass. The consumption of electricity from renewable sources was also high in Denmark (65 %), Portugal (54 %) and Latvia (53 %), accounting for more than half of electricity consumed. This will greatly contribute to the Commission's political priority as expressed by President Juncker in 2014 for the European Union to become the world number one in renewables. Renewable Energy covers research in the following areas: Biomass Conversion The share of renewables in gross final energy consumption stood at 19.7 % in the EU-27 in 2019, compared with 9.6 % in 2004. Global warming is one symptom of climate change, the term scientists now prefer to describe the complex shifts affecting our planet’s weather and climate systems. The EU agreed to set a common target of 10 % for the share of renewable energy (including liquid biofuels, hydrogen, biomethane, ‘green’ electricity, etc.) Energy Basics. Find out more about solar power - and learn how this renewable resource harnesses the power of the sun into usable energy. The Renewable Energy Directive sets rules for the EU to achieve its 20% renewables target by 2020. For more detailed definition, please see SHARES tool manual. Even hydropower at full capacity bears its own emissions problems, as decaying organic material in reservoirs releases methane. Data are available for all EU Member States, as well as the United Kingdom, Iceland, Norway, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania and Kosovo*. October 4, 2017. Most non-renewable energy sources are fossil fuel s: coal, petroleum, and natural gas. The numbers are aggregated for each country and technology, based on the project level information. At least 29 U.S. states have set renewable portfolio standards—policies that mandate a certain percentage of energy from renewable sources, More than 100 cities worldwide now boast at least 70 percent renewable energy, and still others are making commitments to reach 100 percent. Renewable energy sources come from natural sources and can be replenished. But they’re growing quickly and can play a key role in tackling climate change. Home » 5 Fast Facts about Hydrogen and Fuel Cells. The Communication proposes five dimensions for the strategy, one of which is decarbonising the economy. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- All rights reserved. Among the EU-27 Member States the share of energy from renewable sources in heating and cooling was more than half in Sweden (66.1 %), Latvia (57.8 %), Finland (57.5 %) and Estonia (52.3 %). From 2011, the data for liquid biofuels in transport are restricted only to liquid biofuels compliant with Directive 2009/28/EC (in other words satisfying the sustainability criteria). There are many benefits to using renewable energy resources, but what is it exactly? While the EU as a whole is on course to meet its 2020 targets, some Member States will need to make additional efforts to meet their obligations as regards the two main targets: the overall share of energy from renewable sources in the gross final energy consumption (see Figure 1) and the specific share of energy from renewable sources in transport (which is dealt with further on in this article, see Figure 4 and Table 4). 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